Fleckvieh – the modern dual-purpose breed

The possibilities to increase the income in dairy farming under the given production conditions in most of the important milk producing countries are limited. The modern dual-purpose Fleckvieh type might be the solution for more profitability in dairy herds in future!

The advantages of modern German Fleckvieh are:

  • higher milk prices due to better milk components
  • less costs due to better functionality
  • more money from the sales of bull calves & culling cows

The German Fleckvieh breed combines high milk performances with excellent beef performances and fitness in the best possible way. It also improves the protein amount in the milk and consequently the paid milk price.


  • increase of your income
  • scattering of risks by selling milk and beef

Fleckvieh - potential milk performance

Fleckvieh: Results from milk recording 2016 (source: ADR 2017):

  milk-kg fat-% fat kg prot.-% prot. kg
MLP 885.591 7.532 4,16 313 3,52 265
HB 740.412 7.708 4,16 320 3,53 272

MLP= average yield of all cows under milk recording
HB= average yield of all Fleckvieh cows registered in the herdbook, (Source: ADR 2018)


Fleckvieh: Development of milk performance, all Fleckvieh cows under milk recording:

year milk-kg fat kg protein kg
1995 5.520 227 192
2017 7.532 313 265
increase +2.012 +86 +73


…...and there is still an immense capacity left!

It has to be taken into consideration that this yield is reached under a wide range of different feeding regimes. Fleckvieh is kept in Germany in intensive crop areas with a high share of maize, as well as on pure pasture land and in extensive regions like in the alps and in the black forest.

Under intensive production conditions from Fleckvieh comparable milk performances like from specialized dairy breeds can be observed.

Top herds reach average yields of 10.000 kg milk and more.


The highest average yielding herds in Germany, Fleckvieh 2016:

farm milk-kg fat & protein kg fat-% protein-%
P. Weixler 11.824 951 4,25 3,79
J. Gams 12.076 950 4,49 3,37
A. Haschner 11.222 919 4,72 3,46
J. Graf 11.843 899 4,01 3,58
T. Scharnagl 11.453 892 4,21 3,58

(according to fat and protein kg, Source: Rinderzucht Fleckvieh:1/2017)


The best annual milk performances in the German Fleckvieh population 2016:

cow sire days milk-kg fat & prot. kg fat-% prot.-% lact
Melli Imposium 350 13.120 1437 6,66 3,96 3
Kora Malibu 362 17.652 1420 5,53 3,67 3
Paula Wal 366 16.383 1346 4,52 4,14 4



Fleckvieh - potential - beef performance

World wide known as Simmental, the German Fleckvieh Beef represents a dual-purpose breed, emphasis on beef, with excellent growth potential, best beef quality and high daily gains. A favorable profitability is achieved by regular fertility, rapid growth and adaptability to various environments.

Simmental suits very well for suckler herds, due to the high milk performance and persistence of the Fleckvieh cows, which is leading to a high daily gain of weaners.

In addition, the animals have a very good beef growth in the last period of young bull fattening, with special emphasis on muscularity, particularly at the valuable body parts. The Fleckvieh Beef Breeds ready for slaughtering are providing outstanding carcass yields and beef quality. The Breed suits excellent for crossbreeding with milk breeds.

Please find the latest sire proofs Fleckvieh Beef at www.vit.de.
Polled German Fleckvieh Breeds can be especially recommended for suckler herds. The polled Fleckvieh breed was established without crossbreeding with other polled breeds, the trait genetic polledness is dominant. There are various homozygous and heterozygous polled Fleckvieh sires available, thoroughly tested regarding polledness, easy calving, beef and milk performance.


Fleckvieh VANADIN

Breeding programme German Fleckvieh

FLECKVIEH - Ideal balance of milk + beef + fitness

Germany disposes on the largest Fleckvieh population world-wide (ADR 2018):

  • 3.403.739 heads of Fleckvieh cattle
  • ca. 1,1 Mio cows are artificially inseminated
  • 885.591 Fleckvieh cows under milk recording
  • 740.412 Fleckvieh cows registered in herdbook
  • about 390 test sires per year

Home area of the German Fleckvieh are the southern German regions Bavaria, Baden-Wuerttemberg and Hessen, but also in eastern and north-western Germany dairy fleckvieh herds can be found.

With 500 young sires to be tested every year Germany can refer to the most effective breeding program beyond all Fleckvieh countries. About 175 of these bulls are used in second crop when they have got reliable proofs. The 30 best ones qualify to be used as sire of sons for the next generation.

→ the most effective breeding programme among all Fleckvieh countries

  • The strong programme guarantees a long-lasting and well-balanced genetic progress
  • Variation of bloodline: Beyond all important dairy and dual- purpose breeds in the world Fleckvieh can refer to the lowest inbreeding coefficient
  • Breeding aim for the future: a well balanced dual purpose breed that combines highest potential in milk and in beef performance
  • Due to the outstanding functional abilities of this well-balanced type the cost in milk production shall be kept on a level as low as possible
  • The total merit index (TMI) considering all important traits for well balanced cows



Total merit index



38 % milk performance + 18 % beef performance + 44 % functional traits (fitness)

The composition of the total merit index is steadily adjusted to the changes of economical weights.

Further information concerning adjustments and composition of the TMI can be found under following link:

Bayerischen Landesanstalt für Landwirtschaft


Breeding aim Fleckvieh:

Fleckvieh breeding is focused on balanced dual purpose type animals which combine milk- and beef production on a high level and keep te costs of milk production as low as possible through their excellent functionality. German Fleckvieh has spread to all six continents and proven its qualities in many different production systems.

Milk + Beef + Fitness on the highest level!



GZW FV Waage_englisch

Information on the Ecological Total Merit Index (ETMI)

The Ecological Total Merit Index (German: ÖZW – English: ETMI) is a Total Merit Index that serves the particular needs of organic farms. It combines all pedigree- and production information of an AI bull concerning constitution (longevity, calving ease, vitality, conformation and udder) and production (ecological milk index, persistency and increase in performance, beef index) with varying weights of each particular trait in one single breeding value.

Recent innovations regarding the Organic Total Merit Index

In general, a high Ecological Total Merit Index reflects the special suitability of a certain sire for organic farms. However, also sires with a high Organic might have serious drawbacks in particular traits that can cause problems. Conseqwntly as well the single traits have to be considered as well.

Composition of the ETMI in comparison to the TMI:

MILK 38 20
BEEF 18 15
TYPE - 9


This means for the single traits in the organic index as follows:


Fat-kg 18,6 9,8 Longevity 10 11 Hoof height - 1
Protein-kg 19,4 10,2 Persistency 3 5,6 Feet&Legs - 3
      Performance Increase 0 8,4 Udder Comp. - 5
Daily Net Gain 4 3 Fertility (FRW) 14 9      
Carcass 7 6 Calving ease (pat.) - 3      
EUROP-grade 7 6 Calving easy (mat.) 1 6      
      Vitality (VIT) 5 6      
      Udder health (EGW) 10 5      
      Milking speed 1 2      


The ETMI is a further tool to select bulls that suit ideally for organic farming systems.


Ökologischer Gesamtzuchtwert Fleckvieh

(Quelle: Lfl Bayern / ZAR)


Crossbreeding with Fleckvieh

Meanwhile Fleckvieh has got entry in several dairy herds where the permanent focus on dairyness in specialized dairy breeds in the past has lead to a type of cow today which is able to reach high yields after calving but which requires a highly intensive management with corresponding costs.

By using Fleckvieh as a crossbred partner these farms have found a solution to increase the profitability by higher milk prices and less cost. The bull calf is a precious by-product with better sales-prices.
The modern German Fleckvieh type helps you to increase the profitability remarkably!

The modern dual purpose type:

  • Input & Output in balance
  • Perfect for crossbreeding with dairy breeds, espcially Holstein
  • High milk protein content
  • Best growth ability of bull calfs and more money for culling cows
  • Low somatic cell count

The crossbred cow has more substance and causes less cost by using her body reserves during the lactation. Due to the crossbreds fitness, they´re highly profitable.

Fleckvieh - Kreuzung